The development of international trade and the business activity of companies in foreign markets over the past decades have completely changed the state of the global economy. The legal systems of the states of the world community are harmonized, associations are created to develop unified rules for conducting foreign economic activity. Such activity begins with the preparation of a foreign economic contract with a foreign counterparty, the text of which, as a rule, is set out in two languages. The quality of this document depends on the lawyer who worked on its preparation, the competence of the lawyer in the field of private international law, understanding of the most important institutions (Incoterms, UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, etc.). A characteristic feature of activities in the field of foreign trade is that entrepreneurs at various stages enter into legal relations with other entities, for example, freight forwarders, freight forwarders, clearing houses, investment funds, customs authorities.
With regard to customs regulation, every businessman should remember that Kyrgyzstan is a full member of the EAEU Customs Union, in the vastness of which there is a single customs code that regulates, among other things, the procedure for conducting customs operations. Those legal relations that are not regulated by the EAEU Customs Code are regulated by the internal Law of the Kyrgyz Republic “On Customs Regulation”.